ODTÜ İktisat Bölümü Semineri (7 Kasım)
MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Department of Economics Seminar Series
"Divorce in Turkey: Determinants of Rising Union Instability"
(California State University San Bernardino)
Date: November 7, 2022 (Monday)
Synchronous Online Seminar
Meeting ID: 962 6861 4522
This paper analyzes the determinants of rise in marriage dissolution in Turkey. Divorce rate began rising much later than advanced countries in Turkey, but it showed a notable increase during the past decades. Crude divorce rate (CDR) increased from 0.27 in 1970 to 2.1 in 2021. This increase can be attributed to significant demographic changes including increase in marriage age, lower fertility, higher education, and changing gender norms. Moreover, two legislative developments played an important role by expanding women rights: 1988 no-default divorce law and the 2001 amendments of the Turkish Civil Code. This paper identifies micro determinants of probability of divorce using five waves of Turkish Demographic and Health Surveys (1998, 2003, 2008, 2013 and 2018). In addition to commonly studied predictors of divorce (individual and union characteristics), the role of women’s gender role attitudes, their tolerance of domestic violence and husbands’ controlling behavior are included in the analysis.